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Date: 1257

"Consequently, while original sin is a disease infecting both elements, the personal and the physical - the personal through the will and the physical through the flesh - the stain of original sin is blotted out in the soul, while on the other hand the infection and its consequences remain in the...

— St. Bonaventure [born Giovanni di Fidanza] (1217-1274)

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Date: 1257

"This disease denies to the soul the life of grace; [it denies it] the enabling rectitude of all the virtues; it inclines the soul in a certain measure toward every kind of sin."

— St. Bonaventure [born Giovanni di Fidanza] (1217-1274)

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Date: 1273

"We may therefore say that the soul understands, as the eye sees; but it is more correct to say that man understands through the soul."

— St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

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Date: 1273

"For that whereby primarily anything acts is a form of the thing to which the act is to be attributed: for instance, that whereby a body is primarily healed is health, and that whereby the soul knows primarily is knowledge; hence health is a form of the body, and knowledge is a form of the soul."

— St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

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Date: 1273

"It is separate indeed according to its intellectual power, because the intellectual power does not belong to a corporeal organ, as the power of seeing is the act of the eye; for understanding is an act which cannot be performed by a corporeal organ, like the act of seeing."

— St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

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Date: 1273

"Further, the Philosopher says (De Anima. ii, 1) that the relation of a part of the soul to a part of the body, such as the sight to the pupil of the eye, is the same as the relation of the soul to the whole body of an animal."

— St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

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Date: 1386-1400

"That oon of hem was blynd and myghte not see, / But it were with thilke eyen of his mynde / With whiche men seen, after that they ben blynde."

— Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1340-1400)

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Date: 1389

"The soule ... muste suffre for the bonde of the body that he is joyned to."

— Trevisa, John (b. c. 1342, d. in or before 1402); Bartholomeus (1203-1272)

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Date: c. 1420

"Thou woost wel, who shal an hous edifie / Gooth nat ther-to withoute avisament / If he be wys, for with his mental ye / First is it seen, purposid, cast & ment, / How it shal wroght been, elles al is shent."

— Hoccleve [Occleve], Thomas (c.1367–1426)

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Date: c. 1440-1450

"Vnderstondying is þe sy3t in þe ey3e of soule, desire is þe ere & þe herying of the soule, dely3t is þe mowth & þe swelwying of þi soule, Mynde is þe nase & þe smellyng of þi soule; wyll & consent is þe felyng of þi soule."

— Anonymous

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The Mind is a Metaphor is authored by Brad Pasanek, Assistant Professor of English, University of Virginia.